ZIMMER, T., ARTEAGA-PÉREZ, L., SEGURA, C., WALTER, M., MAYER, C., SCHULTMANN, F.:
European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings, 2018 (26thEUBCE), (2018).
Chile is known for a strong forest industry based on 2.5 million ha of forest plantations. The harvest and processing of 44 million m3 of roundwood leads to a biomass potential of more than 5 million tons of plantation and sawmill residues per year which could be utilized to produce wood pellets. However, Chilean pellet mills face a limited domestic demand of approximately 100,000 tons per year. As 60% of the Chilean pulp and wood chips are shipped to diverse destinations in Asia and Europe, the export of wood pellets could offer an opportunity to utilize the potential of residual biomass. In this study, an economic assessment of the production and export of Chilean pellets is carried out. A simulation model is developed which covers the entire supply chain including pellet production, transportation and storage, port operations and maritime shipping. The model is applied to compare regular and torrefied pellets and different destination ports in Europe and Asia. The results indicate that torrefied pellets would be competitive with regular wood pellets in the considered target markets.