Sunlight photoactivity of rice husks-derived biogenic silica

FARRAG, Y.; IDE, W.; MONTERO, B.; RICO, M.; RODRÍGUEZ-LLAMAZARES, S.; BARRAL, L.; BOUZA, B.:
Catalysis Today 328 (2019) 125-135.

DOI: j.cattod.2018.12.008

Abstract

Carbon-containing SiO2-based photocatalysts were prepared by the solvothermal treatment of rice husk as biogenic precursor in the presence and absence of TiO2 and used for the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine-B under simulated solar light. Data showed that the prepared catalysts are mainly composed of biogenic silica and displayed mesoporous character with surface areas ranging from 65 to 174 m2 g-1. The obtained materials showed photocatalytic activity comparable to that of commercial TiO2-P25 powders for the degradation of rhodamine-B under sunlight. The calcination at 350 °C improved the photocatalytic activity of the biogenic precursor by three times in the absence of TiO2. At converse, calcination of sample SiO2-TiO2 decreased the photoactivity due to the appearance of non-photoactive TiSiO4 crystalline phases in the catalyst, as inferred by XRD and XPS. A reaction mechanism for rhodamine-B degradation excluding the deethylation pathway has been proposed, based on the evolution of the absorbance spectra of rhodamine-B upon the photocatalytic tests.

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