Isolation of Arsenite-Oxidizing Bacteria from Arsenic-Enriched Sediments from Camarones River in Northern Chile

VALENZUELA, C.; CAMPOS, V.L.; YAÑEZ, J.; ZAROR, C., MONDACA, M.A.
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 82 (2009) 593-596.

DOI: 10.1007/s00128-009-9659-y

Abstract

In Northern Chile, high arsenic concentrations are found in natural water, both natural and anthropogenic sources, a significant health risk. Nine bacterial strains were isolated from Camarones river sediments, located in Northern Chile, a river showing arsenic concentrations up to 1,100 microg/L. These strains were identified as Pseudomonas and they can oxidize arsenite (As(III)) to the less mobile arsenate (As(V)). The arsenite oxidase genes were identified in eight out of nine isolates. The arsenite oxidizing ability shown by the nine strains isolated from arsenic enriched sediments open the way to their potential application in biological treatment of effluents contaminated with arsenic.

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