Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) starch: Basic physico-chemical characteristics and use as thermoplastic material

CASTAÑO, J.; RODRÍGUEZ-LLAMAZARES, S.; CONTRERAS, K.; CARRASCO, C.; POZO, C.; BOUZA, R.; FRANCO, C.M.L.; GIRALDO, D.:
Carbohydrate Polymers, 112, 667-685 (2014).

DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.06.046

Abstract

Starch isolated from non-edible Aesculus hippocastanum seeds was characterized and used for preparing starch-based materials. The apparent amylose content of the isolated starch was 33.1%. The size of starch granules ranged from 0.7 to 35 μm, and correlated with the shape of granules (spherical, oval and irregular). The chain length distribution profile of amylopectin showed two peaks, at polymerization degree (DP) of 12 and 41–43. Around 53% of branch unit chains had DP in the range of 11–20. A. hippocastanum starch displayed a typical C-type pattern and the maximum decomposition temperature was 317 °C.

Thermoplastic starch (TPS) prepared from A. hippocastanum with glycerol and processed by melt blending exhibited adequate mechanical and thermal properties. In contrast, plasticized TPS with glycerol:malic acid (1:1) showed lower thermal stability and a pasty and sticky behavior, indicating that malic acid accelerates degradation of starch during processing.

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