TOLEDO, F.; GHAMPSON, I.; SEPÚLVEDA, C.; GARCÍA, R.; FIERRO, J.; VIDELA, A.; SERPELL, R.; ESCALONA, N.:
Fuel, 242 (2019) 532-544.
Supported rhenium oxide catalysts with different Re loadings (0.5–1.8 Re atom nm−2) and supports (SiO2, γ-Al2O3 and SiO2-Al2O3) were tested for the liquid-phase conversion of furfural at 150–250 °C and 3–5 MPa H2 pressure. The reaction yielded furfural alcohol and 2-methylfuran as main products, the selectivity of which varied significantly with reaction temperature and H2 pressure. The reactivity of reducible rhenium oxide catalysts has been found to be associated with low-valent Re species formed by partial reduction of ReO4−species by reactant hydrogen during the reaction. The formation of these sites is a strong function of the Re loading and the type of support used. In this study, activity based on the mass of the catalyst increased with Re content to a maximum value at 1.4 atoms of Re per nm2 of support but then decreased at higher loading, consistent with loss of active sites due to aggregate formation. The product distribution was invariant to Re loading which is attributed to the nature of the active sites being identical regardless of Re content. In regards to support effect, the activity based on surface Re species increased in the order Al2O3 < SiO2-Al2O3 < SiO2, which is consistent with ReOx-support interaction characteristics, and the reducibility of the catalysts. Minimal difference in products distribution was observed which indicates that support effects were less important for ReOxcatalysts for the conversion of furfural.