Biodegradation of Tributyltin (TBT) by Extremophile Bacteria from Atacama Desert and Speciation of Tin By-products

YÁÑEZ, J.; RIFFO, P.; SANTANDER, P.; MANSILLA, H.; MONDACA, M.A.; CAMPOS, V.; AMARASIRIWARDENA, D.
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 95 (2015) 126-130.

DOI: 10.1007/s00128-015-1561-1

Abstract

Biodegradation of tributyltin (TBT) by four tin resistant Gram negative bacteria isolated from extremely contaminated river sediments in the Atacama Desert in Chile was studied. Moraxella osloensis showed the greatest resistance and degradation capability of TBT, producing less toxic by-products, such as dibutyltin (DBT) and inorganic tin. In 7 days, approximately 80 % of TBT degradation was achieved, generating close to 20 % of DBT as degradation product. The degradation rate constant (k) was 0.022 [day-1] and TBT half-life (t1/2) in culture was 4.3 days. Debutylation is stated a probable mechanism of TBT degradation.

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