Antimicrobial effects of extracts from Chilean plants of Lauraceae and Atherospermataceae families

LORCA, M.; LÓPEZ, C.; GATICA, C.; BUSTOS, E.; BRIEVA, A.; PASTENE, E.; BITTNER, M.
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales 17:1 (2012) 73-83.

Abstract

Introduction: the antimicrobial activity has been reported for the essential oils of some species in the families Lauraceae and Atherospermataceae. The present study was conducted with three Chilean species:  Cryptocarya alba Looser (Peumo) and Persea lingue (Ruiz & Pav.) Nees (Lingue) from the family Lauraceae, and Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav.) Tul. (Chilean laurel) from the family Atherospermataceae. The morphological aspects and the popular uses of these species are the only known aspects. Thorough studies of their chemical composition and biological activity are lacking. 
Objective
: to evaluate the activity of the essential oils against microorganisms and to provide information on the chemical composition of these species. 
Methods
: samples were collected in the Bío-Bío Region and essential oils were obtained by steam distillation. Chemical characterization was done using GC-MS. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated against Penicillium sp. and Fusarium oxysporum through antifungal agar dilution and vapor diffusion assays. Antibacterial tests against Escherichia coliBacillus subtilisPseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus, were carried out using agar disk and well diffusion assays. 
Results
: the results for the essential oils from the three species indicated selective activity against fungi and bacteria, suggesting that the different chemical features of these oils may play a role in their mechanisms of action.  
Conclusions: 
further studies focusing efforts on developing products to control microorganisms that cause economic losses and affect human health.

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