A zero-waste process for copper smleting slags

WILKOMIRSKY, I.; PARADA, R.; PARRA, R.;  E. BALLADARES; SMITH, J.; MERINO, M.:
Proceeding of Conference of Metallurgist, The Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, Canada, 28 de septiembre-1 de octubre 2014.

Abstract

In this study, a two-step process was developed for recovering copper, molybdenum, zinc and iron (hematite). In the first step, grinded slags (-65 mesh) were sulphated with SO3 at 350-500oC to form iron, copper and zinc sulphates. In the next step, the formed sulphates were decomposed to hematite, copper and zinc sulphates and oxysulphates at 700-750oC. The generated SO3 was recirculated back to the sulphation step.

The generated calcine in the decomposition step is leached with 25 gpl acid at 50oC to dissolve the copper, zinc and molybdenum for further conventional separation and recovery. The hematite residue, of intense red color, can be used as pigment, in the ceramic industry or as pellet feed. The fine crystalline silica remains in the hematite residue.

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